[6] IA psychology SL

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본 문서는 2019년도에 작성했던 psychology IA이며 주제는 An experiment to investigate the effect of recalling condition on number of recalled objects입니다.

 

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Introduction

Cognitive psychology is the study of human mind and mental processes such as memory. One of the most important theories is schema theory. Schemas are the mental representations that are derived from prior experience and knowledge. It helps us to predict what to expect based on what has happened before. It is used to organize our knowledge, to assist recall and to help us to make sense of current experience. Schema theory is a theory of how humans process incoming information, relate it to existing knowledge and use it. Schema theory is proven to be useful in explaining many cognitive processes such as perception, memory and it is used to explain the reconstructive nature of memory like in eyewitness testimony. However, the concept of the schema is too vague and cannot be observed. It also focuses too much on the inaccuracies of memory but most of the time, people remember accurately (POPOV).

Brewer and Treyens (1981) performed an experiment on memory of objects in a room to investigate whether people’s memory for objects in an office is influenced by existing schemas about what to expect in an office. For example, due to the existing schemas of an office, people will tend to expect books, pens, and tables rather than skulls.

61 objects in the room were rated on saliency and schema expectancy. The saliency rating was designed to indicate how noticeable the object is by using a scale of 1 to 6. The schema expectancy rating was used to indicate how likely the object will be in the room…

 

  • 총 페이지수: 22 pages
  • 과목명: Psychology
  • 주제: An experiment to investigate the effect of recalling condition on number of recalled objects
  • The file is in PDF format. 
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[6] IA psychology SL

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