Biology HL IA May 2021 – 7/7

View jsong's Full Store


본 문서는 May 2021년 세션에서 제출된 Biology HL IA이며, 7/7을 받았습니다.
선정한 주제는 Antimicrobial Resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to Antibiotics in Canada입니다. Database IA를 쓰는 분들에게 특히 도움이 될 것입니다.



Title: Antimicrobial Resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to Antibiotics in Canada

Research Question: Is there a relationship between the rate of change in antimicrobial resistance of N.gonorrhoeae(%) to drugs prescribed previously(penicillin, tetracycline, erythromycin, ciprofloxacin) and currently(azithromycin, cefixime, and ceftriaxone) in Canada between 2004-2018?

Personal engagement / Aim:

I decided to research antimicrobial resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae. I recently became very intrigued by this topic because of the current viral disease and the increasing importance of sanitization and the dangers of antigens developing resistance. In class I learned about how bacteria can develop resistance to certain antibiotics through the acquisition of the resistance from other bacteria. The prospect of bacteria consistently developing resistance to the currently provided antibiotics and scientists not being able to follow this resistance developing rate is an imminent issue. I decided to explore if the resistance developing rate for current and previous antibiotics are similar in order to explore the rate at which gonorrhea develops resistance to its antibiotics.

Background Information

Neisseria gonorrhoeae is bacteria that causes an infectious disease called gonorrhea. It infects the reproductive membranes, including the fallopian tubes, cervix, uterus, and urethra in females. It may also infect the mucous membranes in the rectum, throat, eyes, and mouth(“Gonorrhea Basic Information”). In 2017, 29,034 new gonorrhea cases were diagnosed in Canada(“HIV in Canada”). The bacteria is spread through vaginal, anal, or oral sex with an infected person. The bacteria can also be spread when an infected pregnant woman gives birth. Reinfection is also possible regardless of previous treatments. The only method of prevention is celibacy; however, using condoms or having one monogamous partner can decrease the chances of acquisition(“Gonorrhea Basic”).

Both men and women who are infected with gonorrhea may be asymptomatic. There are mild symptoms such as bladder or vaginal infections. Other symptoms may include increased vaginal discharge, vaginal bleeding between periods, or dysuria. Dysuria refers to pain felt during urination. The infection can also cause more serious physical consequences such as pelvic inflammatory disease(PID), which can further cause tubal scarring(blocking of fallopian tubes), ectopic pregnancy(egg fertilization occurs outside of the womb), and infertility. (“Gonorrhea Detailed”)…


  • 총 페이지수: 12 pages
  • 과목명: Biology
  • 주제: Antimicrobial Resistance of Neisseria gonorrhoeae to Antibiotics in Canada
  • The file is in Word format. 
30,000 원 – 장바구니에 담기

Download Details

Biology HL IA May 2021 – 7/7

0 sales

30,000 원 – 장바구니에 담기

Jsong Copyright jsong 2024

IB Diploma Campus